Bot Club discussions
Criticial reflections by Het Nieuwe Instituut on bots and other algorithmic agents
Legal Bots & Legal Tech
Decolonising Bots: Revelation and Revolution through the Glitch
A precursor to the Bot Club, this publication was one of the outcomes of a four-day retreat organised by Het Nieuwe Instituut in June 2016 to critically and creatively reflect on the relationship between algorithmic culture, bots, and research.
On 15 and 16 June 2017 The Bot Club (humans welcome): Critical Bots event was held at Het Nieuwe Instituut. During the Thursday Night Live! The Bot Club: Critical Bots event, Julian Oliver and Anne Helmond gave lectures and the next day a Hackathon was organized. Criticial Bots was the second edition of Bots Club (humans welcome), a recurring program on algorithmic culture by Het Nieuwe Instituut.
Screensavers, Generative Images and Entangled Algorithms
Interview by Klaas Kuitenbrouwer with Jan Robert Leegte, Rosa Menkman and Matthew Plummer-Fernandez about the development from early generative images to today’s complex algorithmic culture.
Critical Discourses on Algorithmic Culture
A selection of publications, discussions and projects that investigate bots and algorithmic agency. Current themes in algorithmic culture that feature in the Bot Club.
Theme: News Recommendation
News recommender systems and democracy
An article co-authored by Sarah Eskens, from the Institute of Information Law about the implications of automated news recommmendation for the democratic role of digital media, user rights and public information policy.
Theme: Computational propaganda
Automated influencing of opinion
Computational propaganda research project by OII
A transdisciplinary project from the Oxford Internet Institute investigating the relationships between algorithms, automation and politics.
A research project by Servus.at about computational propaganda and the role social bots play in modern politics.
Eric Gallagher delves into the world social bots that automate hate-mongering on Twitter, in so-called megaphoning systems.
Theme: Algorithmic racism
Reflections on the automated performance of notions of human race
An investigative journalistic series on algorithmic injustice and the computational biases relating to race.
Theme: Ethical bot making
Reflections on making ethical, activist or critical bots
"A protest bot is a bot so specific you can’t mistake it for bullshit". Mark Sample's call for the creation of bots that are "topical, data-based, cumulative, and oppositional”.
Ethical Bot making advice
Glaciologist occasional bot maker Martin O'Leary's practical advice on ethics of making bots.
Bot security and hybrid ethics
Using an ecological approach Douglas Guilbeault looks at how social media propels algorithms into agency and the political problems this reveals, inviting a hybrid ethics, wherein humans and bots act together to solve problems in bot security and Internet ethics more broadlly. International Journal of Communication10 (2016).
Critical Engineering Manifesto
The famous Critical Engineering Manifesto outlines a fundamental critical (creative) ethics towards the practice of engineering. It also underpins the concepts of Julian Olivers' automatons.
Books and articles
Matteo Pasquinell (ed.) Alleys of our Mind
Matteo Pasquinelli et al look into the cognitive, political, and technological composition of definitions of error, abnormality, trauma, and catastrophe in computing.
Wendy Chun: Programmed Visions
In Programmed Visions Wendy Chun explores cultural notions of software, memory, visibility, logic and metaphor in new media and algorithmic culture.
Benjamin Bratton: The Stack
In The Stack Benjamin Bratton investigates how the different genres of computing, such as smart grids, cloud platforms, mobile apps, and the Internet of Things, form part of a new accidental techno-political megastructure, which can be understood as organised in the form of a stack.
Socialbots & their Friends: Digital Media & the Automation of Sociality
A collection of academic texts about the role bots and algorithms play in the social lives of web users, and the critical questions surrounding them.
Interview with @NaïveQuestions bot
Bot-maker Tully Hansen interviews Twitter bot @NaiveQuestions about twitter bots
Internet Bots Fight Each Other Because They're All Too Human
Wired Magazine’s Matt Simons explores the use and deployment of ‘benevolent’ bots to combat ‘malevolent’ bots online.
How to Think About Bots
A Motherboard article on the roles of botds in the public domain, and the complex relations between bot-agency and (semi-)auotonomy and and (design) ethics.
Dear Bot, What Pronouns Do You Use?
BotWatch’s Vivian Sming writes about the anthropomorphism of bots and how this relates to contemporary gender politics.
Bots, Bespoke Code and the Materiality of Software Platforms
R. Stuart Geiger from UC-Berkeley School of Information’s paper on the use of ‘bespoke code’ in Wikipedia, with a focus on bots, and how it relates to the discussion of regulating software systems through code. Information, Communication, and Society (2014)
Blogs and collections
Algopop is a Tumblr blog where Matthew Plummer Fernandez documents the perfomance of algorithms in popular culture and everyday life.
Social Media Collective: Research Blog
Great repository of academic texts relating to critical algorithm studies.
Online publication with multidisciplinary critical discussions about bots, which includes articles, essays, and even bots of their own.
Research groups and communities of practice
Oxford Internet Institute
The Oxford Internet Institute is one of the formost departments of social and computer sciences, based at the University of Oxford.
Digital Methods Initiative
The Digital Methods Initiative is one of Europe's leading Internet Studies research groups
#BotALLY is a hashtag used by a community of bot makers on twitter to label contributions on their shared practice.
The Social Media Collective
Part of the Microsoft Research Lab, the Social Media Collective consists of a network of social science and humanistic researchers.
Darius Kazemi's Bot Summits
Annual summit for bot-makers organised by internet artist and bot-maker Darius Kazemi.